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Kakegawa city / The Short Summary Of Kakegawa-shi

Kakegawa is in the south western part of Shizuoka Prefecture, there is the Pacific Ocean laid in the south. Tea leaves and Christmas oranges are the local specialties, and the Kakegawajo Castle is selected as one of the most beautiful 100 castles in Japan. And it was in Totomi-no-kuni (Totomi Province; western part of Shizuoka Prefecture) before the Meiji Restoration.

Kakegawa was on Tokaido road from Edo (Tokyo) to Kyoto in Edo period (1607~1867), there were two post towns 'Kakegawa juku' and 'Hisaka juku' in the region of Kakegawa City. The view of Hisaka at that time was drawn by Hiroshige Utagawa.

In Muraomachi Period, Asahina Clan, an influential vassal of the military governar of Suruga (central part of Shizuoka Prefecture), Imagawa Clan, ruled Kakegawa, and Yasuhiro Asahina built his castle of the Old Kagegawajo Castle in Bunmei Era (1469-1487). In 1497, Ujichika Imagawa and Soun Hojo invaded to Totomi Province and conquered. Then the Asahina Clan built a new Kakegawajo Castle on Mt.Ryutosan 500 meter southeast left from the Old Kakegawajo Castle. Imagawa Clan ruled Totomi Province and Asahina Clan ruled Kakegawa. Imagawa ruling 2 provinces, they tried to expand and they finally gained the power to rule Mikawa province in 1549 when Ieyasu Tokugawa who was the 5 years old lord of the province was taken as a hostage. Then the Imagawa Clan seized 3 provinces and it became the strongest and most influential daimyo in eastern Japan. However, the Imagawa Clan lost the Battle of Okehazama in 1560 and Yoshimot Imagawa, the head of the family was killed by Nobunaga Oda, the clan soon lost the power. Ieyasu Tokugawa became the hostage once in his childhood, but he went back and took back his position in Mikawa Province (eastern part of Aichi Prefecture), and he tried to gradually expand his territory to Totomi Province. In 1568, Shingen Takeda, the lord of Kai-no-kuni (Yamanashi Prefecture) invaded Suruga Province, then Ujitsuna, the son of Yoshimoto escaped to Kakegawa Castle, but next year, he opened the castle and gave it to Ieyasu Tokugawa. The Tokugawa Clan gained the power to rule Totomi, but it was not stable. Takeda Clan next to him also tried to expand to Totomi. In 1571, Shingen attacked Takatenjinjo Castle in Kakegawa, but he could not gain it because of its strong protection. In 1574, Katsuyori Takeda, the son of Shingen took over Takatenjinjo Castle. Ieyasu then built Yokosuga Castle to regain it. In 1581, Ieyasu succeeded to take back it.

In 1586, Ieyasu Tokugawa submitted to Hideyoshi Toyotomi who was the Kanpaku Dajo-daijin (the supreme minister and chancellor) having the power to rule the samurai society,, and he became his vassal. In 1590, Ieyasu moved to Edo, Kazutoyo Yamanouchi, a vassal of Hideyoshi moved to Kakegawa Caslte from Nagahama Castle in Shiga Prefecture. In 1600, Ieyasu won the Battle of Sekigahara and gained the power to control Japan. He took back Kakegawa Castle, so Kazutoyo moved to Kochi Prefecture, and Sadakatu Matsudaira was given it by Ieyasu. In Edo Period,Kakegawa was a strategically very important post town to protect Edo (Tokyo), then Matsudaira, Ii, Honda and Ota, daimyos in hereditary vassalage to the Tokugawa, were appointed such as the lords of Kakegawa to control. Moreover, Kakegawa was connected to Edo with Tokaido road, so the tourist industries were flourished with two post towns Kakegawa and Hisaka.

Now it is famous for the cultivation of Tea Leaves. There are 2 spa resorts, Kuramionsen and Hosenjionsen in Kakegawa City and many visitors come to enjoy them.



参考
静岡県ホームページ
掛川市ホームページ
掛川市観光協会ホームページ
デジタル大辞林
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典
クロニック戦国全史
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Kakegawa City is exciting city for tourist to visit. Tea leaves and Christmas oranges are the local specialties, and the Kakegawajo Castle is selected as one of the most beautiful 100 castles in Japan.Of course, Kakegawa city faces to the Pacific Ocean, it means tourists could eat delicious sea foods. Why don't you visit Kakegawa City?


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